Canadians for Language Fairness

End the unfairness of official bilingualism. Stop wasting our tax dollars.

Canadians for Language Fairness

P.O. Box 40111

Bank & Hunt Club Postal Outlet

2515 Bank Street.

Ottawa, ON, K1V 0W8


Why should the Official Languages Act concern us?

What do you know about the Official Languages Act?

The Official Languages Act (OLA), passed in 1969, is a Federal law which is enforced at the federal level and one other province i.e. New Brunswick. The province of Quebec has passed several anti-English laws (Bills 22, 178 & 101) that effectively make French their only official language. The provinces of Nova Scotia passed the French Language Services Act (2004) as did the province of Ontario (1986), and the province of Prince Edward Island (2013). Limited service in French is offered in each municipality in each of these provinces in varying degrees.

What's wrong with that?

Elevating a minority language to equal status with the majority language is creating an over-emphasis on the minority language, especially when that minority language is concentrated only in the Eastern provinces of Canada, namely, QC & NB. Further using that minority language as the criteria for employment at the federal level and increasingly at the provincial level is creating a work-force which over-represents the French-speakers. French-speakers are the ones most likely to be bilingual as they grow up speaking the language. Non-French speakers do not grow up speaking French and learning it at school does not make them fluent, especially as the educated French is very different from the colloquial French.

The 2011 Census showed that "self-assessed" bilingual Canadians make up 17.5% of Canada's population, the figure of those who can pass the language test is only about 12%. The Treasury Board (2014) showed that 31.9 % of the total Federal Public Service are Francophones in a country that is made up of only 21.3% mother-tongue French-speakers (2011 census). This over-representation of French-speakers in our public service concerns us greatly.

The limited supply of bilingual Canadians & the over-emphasis on a minority language as a criteria for employment has resulted in a lowering of academic & professional standards in our governments. Many high-level positions are filled by people with just secondary school certificates or equivalent.

As French is spoken widely only in Eastern Canada, this has led to Western Canadians being left out of the picture. The division and disunity brought about will eventually destroy Canada.

This is why you should be concerned.

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10 July 2017

Canada rewards Omar Khadr - why?

Something is terribly wrong when we start rewarding terrorists who go to training camps to learn how to kill; there is NO excuse,  no matter what their age & no matter that they were brain-washed by their friends & family to hate & to kill.  Canada has a debt that is building exponentially with our health-care being forced to cut back on essential services, with our seniors not getting adequate food & shelter & we can actually turn around & give $10.5 Million to a person who, out of pure hate, made & threw bombs that killed several people, among them a medic who was actually trying to attend to some wounded people??!.  Khadr is very sorry for his terrorist actions now but being sorry after taking so many lives is not good enough!! 

Alright, the Canadian government, in its misguided efforts to believe that killers like Khadr can be rehabilitated & turned into good citizens, should be allowed to give them a second chance to get educated & become productive citizens to repay the good citizens of Canada.  But to reward him an amount that will turn him into an instant millionaire???  That has to be the most outrageous thing that the Trudeau government has done in its short life - the only thing that Canadians can do is to ensure that the Liberals DON'T get another term to further destroy Canada!!!

There are many articles on the internet for you to read so that you can write to your own MP with good information & express your outrage!!  Below the links are ways to reach your MP of whatever party to tell them that this is not how to win the Muslim votes.  If they are sincere in wanting to be good Canadians, the Muslims would repudiate this blatant attempt to breed more terrorists who are being encouraged by the Liberal lawyers & judges (who are the real beneficiaries) to use our flawed Charter & our equally flawed 1982 Constitution to perpetrate this gross injustice!!!

If Khadr has any conscience at all, he would turn the money over to the families of those that he had deliberately killed.  That would show that he has real remorse, not the sham remorse he expresses on TV. 

Here are some media report with relevant quotes.  Read the full articles if you have the time - ask for others that are also worth reading.  

"Justin Trudeau's Liberals are settling the Canadian suit by offering Khadr a $10.5-million payout. Here's the rub with this settlement: neither the American nor Canadian legal processes are complete. There would have been compelling reasons for allowing them to play out before giving Khadr any money."

"Perhaps Trudeau thought that offering Khadr millions was a sure way to score political points, at least among May and a swath of like-minded voters."

"On Thursday, we had the capper. Fife again — he is quickly becoming the Paul Revere of all Khadr news — gave us the revelations that the $10.5 million, tax free be it noted, had already been handed over. Process complete. A government famously so sluggish in so many areas — veterans’ treatment comes first to mind — went full Road Runner getting the cash to Khadr."

"Why the outlandish amount? Does not repatriation, removal from the American system of justice, and a full apology from the entire government of Canada signify a generous correction by the Canadian state of what it perceives as the wrongs done to Khadr?

What does he think is the response of Canadian soldiers, particularly veterans of Afghanistan, to this deal? I’d say they are furious. He owes the servicemen and women an accounting. If he is confident of the rightness of the award, the amount, the instant payment, and the state apology, he owes them his thinking on the matter. Not some jumbled vapourizing on process mumbled reluctantly over shamrocks and sock displays in Ireland."

"Why will Omar Khadr receive $10.5M? Because the Supreme Court ruled his rights were violated."

"Well, no, that's not how civil lawsuits work. The Supreme Court said nothing about financial compensation. The furthest the Supreme Court ever went was to hold that "the appropriate remedy is to declare that, on the record before the Court, Canada infringed Mr. Khadr's s. 7 rights, and to leave it to the government to decide how best to respond to this judgment."

At the time, the specific remedy Khadr sought was repatriation, which the government of the day duly granted. That government believed that Canada had satisfied any outstanding obligations to Khadr when it brought him home to serve the rest of his custodial sentence in Canada. If Khadr was owed further compensation at all, it was from the Americans and not Canadian taxpayers.

Khadr's best case for a further remedy was to prove in court that Canada had conspired with the Americans in his alleged mistreatment and that we are therefore liable along with them. He has not done this."

Let the Members of Parliament know how you feel about Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's decision to give $10.5 million to Omar Khadr and the continuous giving of taxpayer money to other countries when we are unable to finance ourselves.

Mass email, phone messages and twitter accounts of all Canadian Members of Parliament.

List of Members of Parliament.  Click on the MP and you get email address and telephone number for the Hill Office and their Constituency Office in their respective Riding.

Twitter for all MPs:

The language issue may not concern you if you are not directly affected but the encouragement of terrorism SHOULD make you angry enough to goad you into making this an issue through the democratic process of using your votes to make a difference!

Kim McConnell

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24 July 2017

Bill S-209

We received a heads-up from a reader who gave us the link to a private member's bill in the Senate:

Throughout the nearly 50 years that the Official Languages Act has been in force, changes have been made to strengthen the hand of French-speakers in Canada's government.  Every change has made it easier for French-speakers to get into senior positions & made all Canadian parents think that the knowledge of French is imperative for employment & the demand for French Immersion has risen all across Canada.  Years of French Immersion education in N.B. has proven that F.I has not produced more bilingual graduates, able to pass the stringent governmental language tests.  Yes, they have learnt enough French to absorb the historical revisionism of Canadian history that French is a founding nation (even though every Canadian knows the lost the war). 

Despite all the efforts made by the Francophones & Francophiles in power, the French are still not satisfied.  They have found that, despite bringing in immigrants from French-speaking countries & deliberately keepimg out immgrants from Britain, the French-speaking population has not increased substantially enough.  The Ontario government gave in to the demands of the powerful Language Commissioner to consider all people who can speak French as Francophones, thus increasing their proportion in the population & the necessity to provide service in French.  So, if you're bilngual (in English & French), you're now a Francophone.  The same tactic is being employed by the Senator who championed this bill.

We acknowledge that the CPC under PM Harper's terms in office tried to stop the expansion of the OLA but his government was not successful.  We know that the courts stood in the way of every attempt but in the eyes of many English-speakers, the CPC has to wear that failure.  It could also partly explain their failure at the last election as many English-speakers have felt betrayed.

We consider Bill S-209 to be another blatant attempt to Frenchify Canada, an effort that has already cost billions of taxpayer dollars that could be used to improve the lives of ALL Canadians, not just a select linguistic group; jobs & promotions have been denied to well-qualified Canadians because they are not linguists & more French is not going to improve the economic or poltical position of Canada as a country.  French power in the world has been on the decline for years; the US will not consider us more valuable because our government officials can speak French & let me assure you there are mor Chinese learning Enaglish than there are learning French.

Our appeal to the CPC under the leadership of Andrew Scheer was sent three (3) days ago.  We hope to get a reply in the near future.  Losing votes because more English=speakers are now aware of the growing problem may be a reason to pay attention to this complaint but only if enough Canadians will take action & voice their concerns.  Ignore it as an irrelevant issue & don't be surprised if the issue is also ignored by all politicians.  Please contact your own MP - ask them to pay attention to this issue.

Kim McConnell

Letter to CPC Leader, Andrew Scheer

July 20, 2017

House of Commons

Ottawa, Ontario

K1A 0A6

Attention:   Mr. Andrew Scheer

                  Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada

Subject:    Bill S-209: An Act to amend the Official Languages Act

Dear Mr. Scheer,

As you likely are aware, Bill S-209: An Act to amend the Official Languages Act (communications with and services to the public) is currently proceeding through parliament.

Our understanding of Bill S-209 is basically that it would expand the federal government’s delivery of bilingual communications and services to the public by revising the method used to justify the need for the delivery of bilingual services.

We read with interest the web page of The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer regarding the cost estimate for Bill S-209 ( as well as their report at the link given on that page.

After reading their report, we addressed several questions to The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer, and have received a reply from Mr. Peter Weltman, Sr. Director, Costing and Program Analysis.  (for copy of his reply, see below)

Unfortunately, Mr. Weltman’s replies raise other issues/questions as follows:

1.      The proposed change to the method for determining the need for bilingual service delivery is fundamentally flawed

In his email, Mr. Weltman states: “The Official Languages Act requires that bilingual services be made available where demand warrants.  Demand is determined using a methodology for estimating First Official Language Spoken in a census area, which considers knowledge, mother tongue, and language spoken at home.  S-209 proposes enlarging that demand calculation to include those who indicate on the census that they have knowledge of the minority official language of their census area, regardless of whether or not they speak it at home, or whether or not it is their mother tongue.  For example, if a person speaks English normally but has knowledge of French, they would be included in the calculation under S-209, but not under the existing law.”

We believe that the new inclusion of “knowledge of the minority language of their census area” in the demand calculation is a completely unreasonable, unnecessary and expensive expansion. 

We believe that any reasonable person knows that Canadians will request services in their mother tongue or language spoken at home, not in the minority language of which they may have some limited knowledge.  I have some knowledge of French but would never ask for services in French as this could lead to misunderstandings either on my part or on that of the government employee.

Would you agree?

2.      The Cost Estimate is incomplete and misleading to the public

The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer’s report provides a cost estimate of $147 million for implementation costs (one-time) and $9 million ongoing costs (annually), all of which is related to implementation for language training and the ongoing bilingual bonus and second language maintenance training.

But, this cost estimate is for only 535 newly bilingual offices, not for all of the 1,664 newly bilingual offices!

In his email, Mr. Weltman states: “The biggest impact/costs would be incurred by Canada Post, but we are not allowed to publish those details because they were provided to us in confidence.  The total number of newly bilingual offices (1,664) less those belonging to Canada Post, (1,129) leaves 535 offices.”.

If the report’s cost estimate excludes “the biggest impact/costs” regardless of the reason, then it is grossly incomplete and misleading to the public.  This cost estimate completely lacks transparency and voids the current government’s election promise of more open and transparent government.

Simply factoring the costs for the 535 newly bilingual offices to cover all of the 1,664 newly bilingual offices would mean that the total costs could be $457 million for implementation costs (one-time) and $28 million ongoing costs (annually).  This is a huge and unnecessary amount especially when the current government is already running $30 billion annual deficits and projects a debt reaching $1.5 trillion before achieving a balanced budget.

Would you agree?

3.      The Potential Social Costs

We believe that there may be significant social costs related to Bill S-209 that may not have been considered (or are being hidden), especially as they relate to Canada Post which according to Mr. Weltman has “The biggest impact/costs”.

The stated purpose of the bill is to increase primarily front line bilingual services.  In the case of Canada Post, this likely means the clerks that serve the public at Canada Post outlets.  

Many (probably most) postal outlets are now located in various shops and stores (grocery stores, drug stores, corner stores etc.) across the country, and the employees are hired by the stores, not Canada Post.  What happens now to a unilingual French employee at one of these outlets in a drug store in Quebec when the "office" is now designated bilingual - is he/she fired?  And, the same for unilingual English speakers elsewhere in Canada.  Is Canada Post going to pay for language training for these employees - we suspect not.  Are some small family-owned corner stores going to lose their postal outlet (and the income from it) because no one in the family is bilingual, or will they be forced to hire a bilingual person that they cannot afford. 

This entire issue is being completely hidden under the guise of confidentiality.

         Would you agree?

Mr. Scheer, as you can see from the forgoing, we have some very serious concerns about Bill S-209, both financial and social, especially when this bill is completely unnecessary and yet another example of wasteful spending by the current government.

We believe that these concerns need to be fully addressed for all Canadians in an open and transparent manner by all government entities including Canada Post.

We look forward to your taking up this challenge on the behalf of all Canadians, and await your response.

Yours sincerely,

Kim McConnell



Our email to the Office to the Parliamentary Budget Officer:

July 13, 2017

Dear Sir/Madam:

Subject:    Request for Information re Cost Estimate for Bill S-209: An Act to amend the Official Languages Act (communications with and services to the public)

Dear Sir or Madam,

I have read with interest your report entitled "Cost Estimate for Bill S-209: An Act to amend the Official Languages Act (communications with and services to the public)" dated 17 August 2016, and I have a few questions:

  1. Can you please tell me what are the current demographic rules for designating an office bilingual?
  2. Can you please tell me what will be the new demographic rules for designating an office bilingual if Bill S-209 is passed into law?
  3. Your report indicates that there will be a total of 1,664 newly bilingual offices (KMOL) - demographic rules across Canada.  Given this, can you tell me why your cost estimates are based on only 535 Newly Bilingual Offices which is less than one third of the total newly bilingual offices

I look forward to your response,

Yours sincerely,

Kim McConnell


Reply from Peter Weltman, Sr. Director, Costing & Program Analysis

From: []

Sent: July 18, 2017 9:38 AM


Subject: RE: *Request* Bill S-209

Hi Kim,

Happy to help in any way that I can.

First off, we are not subject to the Access to Information and Privacy law because we are considered a parliamentary organization (Parliament is exempt from this Act).  However, as a matter of course, we always provide information to anybody that asks, unless that information has been provided to us in confidence.  And there is no charge, but you don’t get a nice letter on letterhead- just an email from me.

The Official Languages Act requires that bilingual services be made available where demand warrants.  Demand is determined using a methodology for estimating First Official Language Spoken in a census area, which considers knowledge, mother tongue, and language spoken at home.  S-209 proposes enlarging that demand calculation to include those who indicate on the census that they have knowledge of the minority official language of their census area, regardless of whether or not they speak it at home, or whether or not it is their mother tongue.  For example, if a person speaks English normally but has knowledge of French, they would be included in the calculation under S-209, but not under the existing law.

This would take the number of Canadians qualifying for bilingual service from 2 million to almost 6 million.  The geographic distribution of this population would determine where and how many extra points of service would be required.  If half of those people lived in metropolitan Montreal, for example, it is unlikely that departments would need to add new offices- they would likely simply need more bilingual staff.

The Treasury Board Secretariat (TBS) has a model that is used to determine required bilingual points of presence.  Individual departments calculate their own costs of complying with this determination.  The biggest impact/costs would be incurred by Canada Post, but we are not allowed to publish those details because they were provided to us in confidence.  The total number of newly bilingual offices (1,664) less those belonging to Canada Post, (1,129) leaves 535 offices.

I hope this helps.  Please do not hesitate to ask if you have any further questions on this or any of our work at the PBO.

Best regards - Peter

Peter Weltman

Sr. Director, Costing and Program Analysis | Dir. Principale, analyses des coûts et des programmes

Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget  |  Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer

Bibliothèque du Parlement |  Library of Parliament

Ottawa, ON  K1A 0A9


office 613.992.8044

cell     613.218.1854

Twitter   @dpb_pbo

From Beth Trudeau, Spokesperson from CLF:

Dear Mr. Scheer,

Further to Mrs. McConnell's letter, I have attached a commentary that also pertains to this subject that you should be aware of.


Beth Trudeau

Hi Jason, member of the media:

Thank you for the opportunity to state our concerns on behalf of Anglophones across Canada.  Based on the Analysis of Complaints section of the 2014/2015 report from the Office of Official Languages, there were only 550 complaints total for the year.

According to Stats Canada, in 2016 there are 164 staff total working in the six (6) Official Languages Offices with salaries and benefits totaling over $18 MILLION annually.  Based on 550 complaints, that means each staff handles 3.35 cases PER YEAR!!!

And now they want to set up another source to do what they are receiving over 18 MILLION dollars to do already to handle a whole 550 complaints?  The government would be much wiser and LESS DISCRIMINATORY if they used that same 18 MILLION dollars to instead invest in automatic translators, such as the following;

At a cost of $200 per device, the government could hand out 90,000 translation devices to government workers and the need to hire based on language instead of merit, would disappear forever.  The ability for any person of any language to assist another person of a different language would be possible.  We DO have the technology.  

There would also be less government workers on stress leave as many suffer such ailments because of the language testing and the continual threat of losing their jobs, and that will result in more savings for taxpayers.  We know this because Canadians for Language Fairness DO listen to Anglophone complaints, unlike the Commissioner of Official Languages, Graham Fraser who refuses to hear complaints from the majority.

The savings to taxpayers by going the technology route instead of the same old discriminatory, unaccountable route are huge in a time when so many are having to choose between heating, eating and paying their hydro bill.


Beth Trudeau

Canadians for Language Fairness



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25 March 2017

M-103 + Ottawa's Mayor Being Intimidated

The language issue does not affect all of Canada to the same extent - the readers out in Western Canada are not as worried as the readers in Eastern Canada (Quebec, New Brunswick, Ontario, PEI & Newfoundland).  So I try to include other items when I circulate to the whole group.  The issue of M-103 affects all of Canada so maybe you might want to read about that?

Motion 103

I guess by now you know that this motion has passed (201 MPs voted in favour of the motion, and 91 MPs voted against it.) 

Faith Goldy of The Rebel reports:


Our readers have sent their comments:


Dear Mr. Hehr

I concur with your evaluation that the rise in hate crimes against Muslims must be stopped. However, the wording of the bill (as it is being presented to us in the media) is poorly thought out, although targeting hate against Muslims, it would leave, if worded in that form, the definition of “islamophobia” open to wide interpretation, and indeed would favour one religion only. This is being reported as being a part of the bill, and I suspect that people think it will be included at some point, then passed using the Liberal majority. 

One must look at all aspects of the bill before making it law, or risk having an otherwise worthwhile bill  fail over one point of contention. In its present form, with the word Islamophobia present, it would have the potential of empowering people of Muslim faith who do not view our society as fair and equal, or want a Sharia governed society, an opportunity to use the laws of Canada to punish those people with whom they simply disagree, citing that those people are displaying “islamophobia” as THEY would define it or could define to a sympathetic judge, thereby putting that targeted person through a living hell, and cowing others that simply do not agree. If that term is not included in the bill, then that bill, I think, is a good idea; if it is included, then the motion must be re-written to omit that reference. 

Also, as I am sure you know, Islamophobia is fear of Islam, a human fear which cannot be a crime any more than fear of any other religion. Acting with violence or bigotry against those of other religions, however, should be a crime, and of course, using violence is Hatred of Muslims should be a crime, or at the very least strongly disapproved of in Canadian society, same as hatred of Jews, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Hindus, and all people because of their religion.

This legislation must pertain to ALL religions, not just one. The MP who put forth the motion to include that word in the bill should be made aware of this fact.

Thanks for your time,




So your hateful, fascist motion has passed.  You may be congratulating yourselves, but you must know that Canadians will never obey this ridiculous attempt to censor and silence us. 

Canadians have enjoyed Freedom of Speech since the founding of this country and NO ONE can take it away without giving us a say in the matter. 

Any attempt to enforce this ridiculous motion would be nothing short of  F A S C I S M and will be clearly recognized as such.

You may have been successful if you had included ALL religions, but singling out one for special attention and preferred treatment is simply laughable.

Something good will come of this, though  Everything muslims do will now be under a finely-tuned microscope.  There will be no tolerance in Canada for the bad behaviour we see exhibited in other parts of the world.  The videos are everywhere, making this a proven, demonstrable fact and nothing you can do can change that.  We witnessed it just yesterday and will no doubt witness it again tomorrow. 

Canadians will now wake up and realize the dangers facing them so that what’s happened in Europe can’t happen here.

That’s a good thing, and for that I thank you.

Perhaps you should go back to Pakistan where this kind of thing is commonplace because it never will be here.

Canada is a civilized country and will remain a civilized country in spite of the bad immigration policies of the current administration.

Subject: French Intimidation of Mayor Watson

March 24, 2017

Am I saying the obvious when I say that the French in Quebec are shameless?  This is not true of ALL French people (most are probably very nice people but they're listening to a lot of very greedy, very self-absorbed people who think that the French language & culture must be promoted, preserved & protected at ALL costs).  Being the minority that P.E. Trudeau has chosen to empower in the 1982 Constitution, they are using that power to bully themselves into a dominant position.  Quebec is broke & will remain broke because of the Socialist mindset in that province - their total dependence on the Equalization policy enables them to continue living off the other provinces while demanding to be in charge.  When the country runs out of the ability to borrow, the taxpayers can always be counted on to dig deeper into their pockets.  If you haven't heard of the "BAIL IN" policy, you should find out about it - this is how bankrupt governments solve their problems.  

The battleground currently is in Ottawa where Mayor Watson is facing a huge attempt by the French activists to intimidate him into capitulating to their demands.  Just read the Google translated article below & tell me why we have NO English-speaking leader on the side of the councillors who said, "NO"?  Politicians depend on votes so please contact your councillor & let him/her know how you feel.  If you need the contact information of your councillor, please contact me.

Kim McConnell

OTTAWA - 20 years after the big rally to save Montfort Hospital, thousands of Franco-Ontarians gathered to remember and celebrate their victory. The debate surrounding the bilingual status of the City of Ottawa was repeatedly invited at the heart of the event.


In a moment of great emotion, Gisele Lalonde, a true face of the struggle against the closure of the hospital, went up on stage accompanied by lawyer Me Ronald Caza and Michelle de Courville Nicol. For long minutes, she waved the Franco-Ontarian flag under the applause of a grateful crowd.

"You have given so much. You can be proud, you can say mission accomplished! The next generation is ready to take your torch, "councilor Mathieu Fleury said, for the lady of the Francophonie in Ontario.

Ottawa Mayor Jim Watson spoke to pay tribute to Franco-Ontarians fighting to save the hospital. But some of the crowd did not hear it that way. "Bilingual Ottawa! Ottawa bilingual! Ottawa bilingual! ", Shouted for several minutes a few dozen angry spectators.

#ONfr has tried to get his reaction, following this cold reception of a part of the public.Mayor Watson categorically refused to answer our questions. He left the show in a flash, right from the first musical issue.

If Gisèle Lalonde warmly supports the movement in favor of a bilingual capital, she feels that the time may be wrong.

"I thought it was valuable here, because it still came with us to celebrate," she said in an interview with #ONfr . "Ottawa should be bilingual, that's for sure! In fact, the province should be bilingual, "she added.

Councilor Mathieu Fleury said he understood the anger of some citizens. "Do not judge, people have the right to emotion. Obviously, it is sensitive. We did it with Montfort. We built a momentum, we will get there (with Ottawa city bilingual), "he argued.

According to him, convincing Anglophone citizens of the Capital more than ever. "In the francophone community, we are united. We must seek our support in the English-speaking community, "he insisted.

A show full of emotions

For nearly three hours, many Franco-Ontarian artists took the stage intoning hearts of the songs known in the province's French-language repertoire.

Damien Robitaille, Chuck Labelle, Gabrielle Goulet, Serge Monette, Moonfruits, Yao and many others. Zachary Richard, strong voice of the Francophonie, came to interpret a song he dedicated to Gisèle Lalonde.


As for celebrating the victory in saving the Montfort Hospital 20 years ago, it was done at great expense to the taxpayers of Ontario.  The hospital was slated for closure because it was run so inefficiently.  The French activists saved the hospital, at a cost of $300 Million & turned it into a bilingual (mostly French) hospital.  The worst of the deal is that we are serving a lot of patients from Quebec because we cannot turn them away.  The Emergency facility is filled with Quebecers because medical services are so poor in Quebec.  There was an attempt to stop the flood of Quebecers who are not emergency-type patients & our own, legitimate tax-payers are forced to wait for hours while Quebec patients are served.

Egan: Montfort tries PR on ER as it worries about growing tide of Quebec patients

Kelly Egan, Ottawa Citizen

More from Kelly Egan, Ottawa Citizen

Published on: September 11, 2014 | Last Updated: September 11, 2014 4:00 PM EDT

The Montfort has just launched an outreach campaign that aims to discourage certain Quebec patients from showing up in the emergency department on Montreal Road. Pat McGrath / Ottawa Citizen

In 2009, about nine per cent of all patients to the Montfort Hospital’s emergency department were from West Quebec.

Today, the figure is 18 per cent, or almost one in five.

The financial consequences are many. In 2008, there were 15,555 individuals from the Outaouais who sought treatment at the Montfort (or more than 40 a day) at a cost of $6 million to the Quebec health-care plan.

In 2012, the number of Montfort-bound patients had risen to 18,573 and the cost soared to $15 million. And this at time when Montfort is doing its best to meet care standards set by Ontario’s Ministry of Health.

What to do?

The Montfort has just launched an outreach campaign that aims to discourage certain Quebec patients from showing up in the emergency department on Montreal Road.

A new brochure reminds patients with “chronic symptoms” that care is best provided by a family physician or a walk-in clinic in greater Gatineau.

“Emergency room physicians at Hôpital Montfort cannot ensure continuity of care for patients insured by the Régie de l’assurance maladie du Québec,” reads the brochure, with an abundance of bold type.

Those with a Quebec health card will still be treated but directed for followup to a family physician or clinic in Quebec.

The hospital is walking a fine line, as hospital president Dr. Bernard Leduc explained.

It is not turning Quebec patients away, nor is it sending them to the back of the bus. The hospital, he said, only wants to manage the patient’s expectations and prevent frustration. The brochure also points out that Ontario physicians have no “special privileges” to order diagnostic tests in Quebec or do referrals to specialists across the river.

From experience, the Montfort knows that Outaouais patients with chronic conditions — perhaps waiting for knee or hip replacements — will sometimes try an Ontario hospital as a way to more quickly connect with a specialist.

“Because access in some specialties is not easy in Quebec, they’ll come because they’ve been waiting long on a waiting list to see a specialist and they think when they come to Hôpital Montfort to emergency, they’ll either have better access or better access than if they just wait in the Quebec system,” Leduc said.

The hospital is taking steps now, he said, because the number of Quebec patients visiting the francophone hospital has grown so much.

Montfort is, in a way, a victim of its own success. After being on death row during the 1990s, it won successive court battles and emerged even stronger. A $300-million expansion was opened in 2010, doubling floor space.

Further enhancements since then have lifted the emergency department response times from the bottom of the list among Ontario hospitals. So, ergo, francophones from anywhere are flocking there.

It is a politically infused debate.

The Canada Health Act requires that health coverage be “portable” within provinces, but the concept has many shadings.

“The portability criterion of the Canada Health Act,” says Health Canada, “requires that the provinces and territories extend medically necessary hospital and physician coverage to their eligible residents during temporary absences from the province or territory.”

Statistics provided by the Régie, Quebec’s equivalent to OHIP, show how deeply the Outaouais relies on specialized health care in Ontario.

From 2008 to 2012, Quebec has sent $408 million to seven Ottawa hospitals. In 2012, the Ottawa Hospital led the way with 21,055 Outaouais patients, at a cost of $33.4 million. The Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario was next, with 19,244 patients and $24.6 million in transferred billing.

Just to illustrate the impact of location and language on the cross-border migration, Queensway-Carleton Hospital in Ottawa’s west end only had 980 Quebec patients that year, and $639,136 in transferred fees.

Leduc said the brochure, which was launched this week, is not driven by financial considerations — the Quebec system generally pays physicians less — or to discourage so-called “doctor shopping” by Outaouais patients stuck on long waiting lists.

“We’re not changing what we’re doing,” he said. “We’re not turning people around when they arrive in our emergency department.”

The brochure closes with a statement that reads like a warning, from a Quebec government website: “Generally speaking, the Régie does not reimburse the full cost of health care services received outside Québec and certain services are not covered by the Health Insurance Plan at all.”

Well, one can’t fault Montfort for trying. And Leduc is probably too polite or hand-tied to say it out-loud: the present course is unsustainable.

If the patient’s fever doesn’t come down, something is going to burst.

To contact Kelly Egan, please call 613-726-5896 or email


17 Per cent of Montfort Hospital ER patients from Quebec in 2012-13

700 Number of Quebec mothers giving birth at Montfort in 2013

5,955 ER visits from Quebec patients to Ottawa Hospital in 2009

8,095 ER visits from Quebec patients to Ottawa Hospital in 2013

93 Total annual payments, in millions of dollars, from Quebec to seven Ottawa hospitals in 2012

184 No. of Quebec patients at the Royal Ottawa Mental Health Centre in 2012

 19,244 No. of Quebec patients at  CHEO in 2012

About 100,000 Quebec patients seek care in all of Ontario each year.

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16 June 2017

Hurray!! Madeleine Meilleur bows out!!!

I guess we must all sigh with relief that Madeleine Meilleur has bowed out of her bid to be the next Language Commissioner.  She has always been a rabid French-rights activist, focussing all her energy on French-language rights in Ontario.  She originated from Quebec, having left that province with the firm knowledge that the French are supreme in Quebec & that she can do more to advance French rights outside Quebec.  To give her credit, she was very successful because the 4% French-speakers are very strong in Ontario, mainly because they have very easy access to millions of tax-payer dollars & with enough money, you can always attract the attention of people willing to "work for the cause".  Read the article by Philip Authier on M.M.'s exit centre stage:

The next question will be - will the Trudeau Jr. government follow the correct process the next time?  This powerful position must be non-partisan & must be a person who has a record of being "fair".  Claire Dykeman from NB hopes that the person picked will not be Katherine d’Entremont or Michel Doucet.  Both are extremely pro-French & have NO compunction about over-riding the rights of the English-speaking majority. 

As an organization, Canadians for Language Fairness is not against bilingualism per se.  What we strongly object to is "Official Bilingualism", the variety that can be enforced by law & that has ignored the caveat: "where numbers warrant".  We are also against the changes made to the original Official Languages Act with additional rights that benefit mainly the French-speakers.  A clear example is the right to be supervised in the language of choice which enforced ALL supervisory positions to be made mandatorily bilingual to satisfy the French-speakers.  Anybody in the public service will tell you that very few non-French speakers qualify to be supervisors. In the ongoing language battle, we have to make a clear distinction between "Bilingualism" & "Official Bilingualism" & why we can NEVER say that Canada is an Officially Bilingual country.

Bob Hurter replied to this comment by Robert Dufault in the Ottawa Citizen:

Bilingualism safeguards needed

Re: New bilingualism bill for Ottawa won’t make capital any more bilingual, May 31.

If Ottawa is Canada’s capital, and since 1969 Canada is a bilingual country, shouldn’t Ottawa become officially bilingual?

It is mostly true that bilingual services are available at city hall, but there is no safeguard that those services will be guaranteed.

Robert Dufault, Ottawa

We can never be truly bilingual

Re: Bilingualism safeguards needed, June 10

A recent letter writer is incorrect when saying that “since 1969 Canada is a bilingual country.”

The Official Languages Act, 1969, is a federal law giving French and English equal status in the federal government, and official bilingualism was intended to provide federal government services to Canadians in the language of their choice where numbers warranted (which has never been clarified).

However, under the British North America Act, 1867, and the Constitution Act, 1982, language falls under provincial jurisdiction.

In 1969, New Brunswick passed its Official Languages Act making it the only officially bilingual province, and it remains the only one today.

In 1974, Quebec passed the Loi sur la langue officielle, Bill 22, making it officially unilingual French. And, further Quebec language laws have clarified that English services would only be provided in municipalities with 50 per cent or more English population, which is the reason why Gatineau can never be officially bilingual.

Even though we have an officially bilingual federal government and province of New Brunswick, this does not make a bilingual country. In fact, given that Quebec is by law unilingual French, Canada can never be an officially bilingual country.

Bob Hurter, Orléans

We are very grateful for concerned citizens like Bob Hurter who, despite being a very busy person, takes time to help us explain to ALL concerned Canadians why we can never truly be described as an officially bilingual country.

Too many Canadians are either too complacent about their rights (which they're losing a little at a time, every day) or they're too busy to notice or too lazy to even attempt to investigate.  I understand that not many Canadians are directly affected by this policy (only public servants who are frustrated by the lack of professional advancement unless they're able to pass the stringent language tests).   Those who are lucky enough to be in the PSC know that they are better paid than they are in the private sector so most of them prefer to keep quiet & suffer in silence. 

We have no support from any political party so we can only watch in frustration while we see more & more of the country come under French control.  Quebec, the bastion of French power, gets to call the shots on how the country is run, despite being one of the "poor" provinces, able to function only because of the Equalization Payments policy (also part of the very flawed 1982 Constitution) which takes taxpayer dollars from the richer provinces & pour about $10 billion every year into Quebec.  Link to this article:

An extract is taken from the article:

"The constitutionally guaranteed equalization program will redistribute nearly $18 billion in 2016-17 to poorer provinces, where the cash will help fund public services.

In 2016-17, Quebec will once again be -- by far -- the biggest recipient of equalization payments. It will get about $10 billion from the nearly $18-billion program".

Ken Kellington has drawn up a very comprehensive table showing how the wealth redistribution has worked from 1957 - 2016.  Please ask for a copy.

Kim McConnell

What can we do?

The ONLY recourse we have is to make the effort to contact our parliamentary representatives & complain.  We have to decide what is more important to us as a country.  Do we want to continue being divided along linguistic lines with a minority language being given so much power? Total non-participation in the political process is not an answer.  The French are very good at complaining - they've actually turned it into an art-form.  This may be because they know that they have politicians willing to listen.  Do we have ANY politician willing to listen?  At the federal level, NO political party will support us openly because their hands are tied by the 1982 Constitution but we know that some of them are very sympathetic & have proven this to some of our readers.  Elsa Scheider has made it easy for you to contact your MP:

Our best chance is at the provincial level because, as Bob Hurter wrote in his letter to the Citizen, the provinces are in control of the language portfolio.  In New Brunswick, the PANB led by Kris Austin is putting up a good fight for the English-speakers.  In Ontario, we have been assured by the Libertarians that they are not in support of Language legislation.  We will be investigating the stand being made by Jack McLaren now that he is representing the Trillium Party.

Those of us who know about the support being made by The Rebel (especially Brian Lilley & Ezra Levant) for a reasonable language policy is being encouraged by CLF to subscribe to The Rebel.  Canadians for Language Fairness will sign up as a supporter too.  This week-end is the Rebel Getogether in Toronto - for more information, go to:

Kim McConnell  

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27 May 2017

Bulldog Blog + Letters to PM on M. Meilleur

Ken Gray runs an Ottawa-based blog called "The Bulldog":

Read Ken's blog that thinks that the City of Ottawa should be made "officially bilingual" as it is merely a "symbolic" gesture that has no purpose other than to make the 15% French-speakers "feel good".  He thinks that they feel very strongly about this issue & have the right to make as much noise as they can in the attempt to persuade Mayor Watson & the 12 councillors who have said, "NO".  These councillors represent the majority English-speakers who will bear the brunt of the extra taxes if Official Bilingualism is allowed to creep in should the "NO" councillors cave in to the pressure.  Ken is using the threat of "Quebec Separation" as an intimidation tactic but forgets to mention that Official Bilingualism benefits mainly the French-speakers as many of our jobs at the City level are already occupied by Quebecers.  He also doesn't mention that the French activists are very well funded to the tune of billions of Federal & Provincial tax dollars since the inception of the Official Languages Act.

Comments from the blog

Bob H's excellent comment was posted.  Please read & add your comments:


It never ceases to amaze me that people like you want to be accommodating without any research or investigation of the potential costs, both financial and social.

First, let me inform you that Canada is NOT a bilingual country, not now and never can be. We have an officially bilingual federal government, an officially unilingual French Quebec and an officially bilingual New Brunswick. The rest of the provinces and territories are de facto English even if they do provide services to some extent in French. The primary reason that Canada is not now and never can be a bilingual country is that by law since 1974, Quebec is officially unilingual French – check the language legislation.

In fact, Quebec’s language laws have been cited by the UN as contravening the International Charter of Human Rights of which Canada is a signatory.

As for Gatineau/Alymer etc. ever becoming officially bilingual, this is simply impossible under Quebec’s language laws. Municipalities in Quebec are prohibited from communicating with their tax payers in English unless the English population exceeds 50% so how can you expect any of them in Western Quebec to ever become officially bilingual.

As far as costs go, the city of Ottawa’s Language Services budget is currently about $3 million per year. Using the percent of budget the federal government spends on official bilingualism language services (and this is only what they clearly show), I calculate that the city’s spending on language services under official bilingualism could jump to about $24 million per year and this doesn’t include the set up costs which could dwarf this number.

Have a close look at what is going on in New Brunswick, our only officially bilingual province. Provincial government jobs being filled by imported Quebecers (even their current language czar), complaints against English speaking provincial workers for not speaking French even though a French speaker is available (as an example, it cost a commissioner who served in the Canadian military his job – even a francophone made a big deal of this as being unfair), school buses running half empty because the French do not want their children tainted by English, even retail jobs including fast food servers needing to be bilingual etc. etc. This has caused more problems and divisiveness than any other provincial legislation. So, in a province that is about 60/40 English/French, this policy of inclusiveness has backfired, and now the tail is wagging the dog

I applaud Mayor Watson and the councilors who are against making Ottawa officially bilingual and I truly hope that they stick to their positions. Come next election, if they do, they get my vote.

Bob H.

In response to Ken Gray's article:

Anyone who has taken the time to watch the steady advancement of the use of the French language in the Federal Public Service regardless of the number of francophones it represents, will understand why non-francophones have become very wary of more laws enforcing the use of French.  After Pierre Elliott Trudeau's recommendation for official bilingualism "where numbers warrant", the "where numbers warrant" has been totally ignored by the francophone proponents who have worked to make official bilingualism legislated everywhere & for everyone. Once put into law, whether federal, provincial or municipal, it is strongly enforced to promote French with no leniency for English or other languages. Canada is a democracy & promotes multiculturalsim EXCEPT in the acceptance of languages. No other country in the world legislates language. However a certain number of radical francophones are determined to make French the primary language & every job's first requirement be the capability to speak French even when the job does not require the use of French.  This has played out in the Federal Public Service over the past few years to the point that the majority of Federal Public servants in the Ottawa area are francophone.  As a member of the Federal Pubic Service, I experienced the open discrimination against non-francophones in hiring practices & job linguistic requirements, in the determination to hire francophones for as many jobs as possible whether they had a sufficient knowledge of English or not, & then be paid language bonuses besides their regular salary.

First, the government said that francophones must be hired so that the public could speak to the people in government positions in the language of their choice.  Nothing was said about the fact that few Federal Government employees speak directly to the public  Then also, the province of Quebec, where most francophones live (including those who work for the Federal Public Service in Ottawa), has its own Quebec pension plan instead of the Canada Pension Plan that serves the rest of Canada. Pensions is one of the areas where most dialogue happens between the public & the government. Revenue Canada, another big area of dialogue, directs all our income tax forms & finances to the province of Quebec.

Then effectively, the federal government, under the direction of a prime minister from Quebec, said that all these francophones who have been hired, must be able to speak to their bosses in the language of their choice, which made it necessary for all bosses to be bilingual, & therefore a large percentage of those promoted to these positions were francophones becasue it is necessary for them to learn English unless they choose to live & stay in Quebec only.  It was a logical & important step then for the requirement that bosses be able to speak to their bosses in the language of their choice, and so, on & on, up the ladder of administration to the top.

There is no importance given to the language used for the work done, which is most often English since the large majority of Canadians are English-speaking.  Especially in the area of computers in which I worked for a number of years, English is the primary language of programs, especially since many are created by U.S. companies.  Even there, positions were unnecessarily made bilingual imperative so that unless you could speak French, and even though the work being done did not require it, a well-educated, success-proven capable non-francophone could not even apply for the jobs because the primary requirement was bilingualism regardless of all other qualifications.

Watson is very wise to not allow official bilingualism & its dedicated francophone promoters, to rule all the jobs & everything else in Ottawa. At first glance, it would seem decent to allow more use of the French language to satisfy the francophones here.  However, when we examine what has taken place in the Ottawa area during the past number of years, & how official bilingualism has played out in the Federal Public Service, we realize this is not just a gesture to recognize the francophones who live in Ottawa area. Official bilingualism is the key to francophones to dominate every situation & demand that every job, every position be filled only by people who speak French.  What happens to all the non-francophones who have lived here all their lives but have not learned to speak French because they do not live in the province of Quebec where French is the only official language, & realistically the percentage of the population of Ottawa who are francophones does not warrant it? In the Federal Public Service, the persons holding the positions are warned to look for other positions that do not demand bilingualism (fewer & fewer positions all the time) because their position is being made officially bilingual (for no logical reason). Before I retired, so many francophones held manager positions that at each meeting a request was made that the meeting should be held in French since whoever was not francophone there, had taken a course to learn French; this even though the work we were doing was all in English because we were in the government of Canada, & English was the language of the majority.  This was a very obvious determination to make French the working language, & language of the majority, using any means possible.

Try calling the Federal Public Service. Most often you will be answered in French first. When you go to visit Parliament Hill, listen to which language is being spoken by the workers going out for lunch or leaving work for the day. You will find the majority will be speaking French because they are francophones, whether their jobs honestly require bilingualism or not. Now with another francophone Prime Minister, francophones are being given even more preferential treatment.

For those who have a soft heart for official bilingualism for the city of Ottawa, what do you intend to tell all the young non-francophones who live in the Ottawa area, who are intelligent, well-educated, well-suited to jobs in this city, but who may not have an ease at learning other languages when they realize that they cannot apply for a job without satisfying the first priority of all jobs, to speak French?  Especially when someone who speaks French but does not have as many qualifications as they do, actually gets the job instead of them even when the job does not require the use of French? So they must move away from home to get a job because they didn't pass the tests for official bilingualism even though the job itself doesn't require it?

What about the people who currently hold jobs in Ottawa if the Official Bilingualism becomes law? Will they be able to keep their jobs with a "grandfather clause" or will they handily be told to look for work elsewhere?

These are not idle threats! They actually happened in the Federal Public Service when Official Bilingualism was put into power. More than that, in this determination to make French predominant by making most positions "bilingual imperative", it was widely recognized through conversations with people taking the bilingualism tests, that the tests for French were much more difficult than the tests for English. Even some of the francophones admitted that they would find it difficult to pass the French tests. Too much time & energy is wasted by Federal Public Servants who wish to be upwardly mobile, trying to learn French instead of learning how to do their job more efficiently & effectively. The necessity to know French is also eliminating many prospective Federal Public Servants with great qualifications who would otherwise do a very successful job, from even being eligible to apply for these jobs.  This does not make sense & is very destructive! We definitely don't need this happening to all the jobs in the city of Ottawa!



N Schroeder says:

May 22, 2017 at 4:38 PM

No government should be legislating language.

If decisions were made by numbers, Chinese (Mandarin) and other Asian countries would be chosen. Being of aboriginal descent, should they also be represented. Languages evolve, due to the desire of people to keep their language, and if one wants to communicate with someone of that language, they will learn it. Quebec offers English to its population if there are 50 per cent requiring it, maybe the same should apply here.

Immersion classes haven’t worked, and now people from Quebec are coming to Ottawa to take bilingual jobs, but the reciprocation is not there.

Gord Miller says:

May 21, 2017 at 3:27 PM

Official bilingualism enables activists and renders the majority to second class status. Just look at the federal government. And there is no earthly reason that all programs should be provided throughout the city in French. You’re in an English province. Bilingual services should be limited to essential services. If you want everything in French, move to Quebec.

There are other very good comments, especially from Robert Roberts.  He has worked outside the country & writes that the policy alienates the West & divides the country.  It is so good to know that there are well-informed Canadians out there.  Read his comments - I sent a message thanking him but Ken Gray didn't post it.  I know it is his blog & he can do what he likes but what we need in Canada are more people concerned about this policy even though it may not be the most urgent problem facing the country.  There are other issues that need your attention but as an organization fighting for the rights of the majority English-speakers, this issue will always be our priority.

As a courtesy to an urgent request re: Bill C-16, here is a petition for you to sign:

Letters of Complaint re: Madeleine Meilleur

From: Claire Dykeman []

Sent: May 23, 2017 9:13 PM



Dear Mr. Prime Minister,

I am deeply distressed at the appointment of Madeleine Meilleur as the new Commissioner of Official Languages. My understanding is that opposition parties do NOT approve of this appointment, which is on record as being a requirement!

The fact that her command of the English language (the MAJORITY language in Canada, I might add) is less than adequate for this very powerful position should have ruled her out of contention yet, somehow that is okay with you?? This does not speak well for your own standards or integrity I fear.

This rash appointment has wide ramifications across the country – where the English continue to be the majority voters. This appointment is an insult to all of them! A purely political appointment of a fellow Liberal from the provincial level removes her objectivity and puts her decisions in serious question.

I do hope that you will remember the promise you gave when elected, that there will be NO INTERFERENCE in strictly municipal jurisdictions. For instance, trying to make Ottawa ‘officially bilingual’ when they themselves consider it financially threatening to their future well-being. IF you are a man of integrity and can be relied on to keep your word, the new Commissioner will be replaced, and her replacement will be advised of your election promise! Thus, Ottawa will be allowed to make the decision that is best for them – without Federal interference.

Living in New Brunswick myself, with the harsh reality of forced bilingualism here, I know of what I speak. We live in a financial abyss for the English –with lost jobs, out-migration of the young, and soaring taxes to pay for the outrageous costs of duality and bilingualism. By allowing or encouraging forced bilingualism throughout Canada you are effectively alienating the majority of Canadian voters. There WILL no doubt be a breaking point!

I have noticed that you have broken many promises since being elected, Prime Minister Trudeau, but appointing a Language Commissioner who cannot even meet the basic standards of English is beneath the Liberal Party, let alone its Leader.

Claire Dykeman

New Brunswick

What is really offensive is the conservative columnists and media like Lilley and the Ottawa Sun only had  a problem with Meilleur's lack of English and partisanship, and not because of her total lack of regard for the language rights of non-Francophones, where she dishonestly increased the Francophone population by putting anyone who understands French as a Francophone, hence more jobs requiring bilingualism.

Likewise, these so-called responsible fiscal conservatives never mentioned abolishing the expensive Official Languages Commission that goes and harasses businesses in English Canada with secret shoppers.

Anybody who treated the French in Quebec like Meilleur treated the English in Ontario, would be condemned by the liberal media as an Francophobe without any concern about any "backlash", and would never be appointed.

Sadly, far less sensible English people, specifically English Conservative politicians who continue to ignore the frustration of their Anglophone support who just want them to show the same concern for their rights as they do for French language rights because they are afraid of being called anti-French by such French Supremacist Madeleine Meilleur types and won't fight back in saying there is nothing anti-French in treating the English the same as the French.

SM in Ontario

The French activists will be rallying on May 31st - getting the school children out to wave the Franco banner & scream about how important French is & how the City of Ottawa must be made "Officially Bilingual" to celebrate the 150 years of Confederation.

I have done what I can to alert all the Ottawans on my list - we don't have the resources to mount a counter-rally.  What we can do is write to the City Councillors & remind them NOT to allow the noisy French activists to intimidate them.  We will be paying close attention if this topic is ever brought up for debate & we will make sure that their votes for or against the motion will be recorded & publicized.


Hard to believe - this just came to my attention - amazingly enough, a poll on The Bulldog blog (which I didn't know about) came up with the amazing result:

77% said "NO" to OB for Ottawa

23% said "YES"

The NAYS have it!!!

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02 December 2016

CLF thanks the Ottawa City Council

We would like to express our gratitude to all the councillors & Mayor Watson for continuing to resist the call for the City of Ottawa to be made "Officially Bilingual" & to surrender Council's prerogative to decide what the city can afford in providing services in both languages (English & French).

We are very fortunate to have a very active supporter who is an excellent researcher who knows how to access the French media.  It gives us the ability to keep an eye on what the small group of activist Francophones are doing & we get a lot of very useful information that we don't have the resources to obtain otherwise.  In the following link:

Councilors were contacted by #ONfr to rule on the question: "We would like your answer" yes "or" no "to the question: Would you support official bilingualism in the City of Ottawa if the approach does not impose additional costs and does not cause job losses? "The elected were free to respond by email or by phone.

That question refers to the greatest threat to increased bilingualism, additional costs, especially if the policy is entrenched in law & can be enforced by the courts.  The cost of bilingualization will obviously increase as everything is duplicated so common sense will tell you why it is being resisted by councillors who are worried about the cost of ALL services to be provided by the city.  The following will show you how the cost of bilingual service has doubled since the passing of by-law 2001-170:

1.       Cost of FLS in 2005 was $1.75 M (for copy of message from Andre-Cadieux, please contact Kim at

2.       Cost of FLS climbed to $ 2.6 million in 2014

2.       Cost of FLS in 2016 was $3,064 M (for page from adopted budget 2016, please contact Kim at  )

The next important point is that, no matter what they say, it will cause job losses to the majority unilingual English-speakers as more positions will be required to be bilingual.  Surely, none of you would be so naive as to believe the lie that OB will not cost jobs to English speakers?  We already know that many city employees come from Quebec to take jobs from residents who live on this side of the river & pay taxes to the city.  Do those Quebecers help pay for the upkeep of the city?

We wish to thank the councillors who said a firm, "NO" but also the ones who are "undecided but favourable to the status quo" & the two councillors who are did not like the question.  These are all councillors who have not been intimidated by the powerful French lobby.  We will keep your names on our list of councillors to promote in the next municipal election.

Kim McConnell

BTW, an item just forwarded by a reader says that several recreational French/bilingual programs, paid for & set up by the City at the insistence of the French pressure groups, will be cancelled.  Reason?  Insufficient response!!!

The article is available in French here:

OTTAWA - Half of French activities offered by the City of Ottawa must be canceled due to insufficient enrollment.

Finally, we wish to express our best wishes to the Councillors for the upcoming festive season with a hearty:



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Here's how Justin Trudeau's government will ensure that French-speakers (whether they are mother-tongue French-speakers or not) will be able to demand French-language services right across Canada. 

"Where numbers warrant" will be met by boosting the numbers artificially.  You'll note that the English-speakers in Quebec will still have to live under the French-language zealots who want the French language dominant in Quebec.

Folks, Bill S-205 died on order table when Harper govt fell. It was tabled again as Bill S-209 in December 2015 when Trudeau came to power. It aims to amend Part IV (Service to the Public) of the OLA, changing the definition of "francophone" a la Ontario FLSA.***

Issues related to implementing the Official Languages Act

Commissioner lends his support to Bill S-205

In April 2015, the Commissioner of Official Languages presented his position in support of Bill S-205, which aimed to update Part IV of the Official Languages Act. In his briefFootnote 11 to the Standing Senate Committee on Official Languages, the Commissioner gave three reasons why Part IV needs to be updated.

First, he noted that the criteria set out in section 32(2) of the Act to assess potential demand for services in the minority language are not inclusive, because they do not take into account all of the people who use the minority language in the public or private sphere. For example, the current criteria as they are applied exclude people whose first official language spoken is not the language of the minority but who:

  • speak the minority language at home (as can be the case for francophiles, anglophiles and newcomers);

  • speak the minority language in the workplace; or

  • receive their education in the minority language.

Second, he pointed out that significant demand is defined in relation to the proportion of the minority population (i.e., the 5% rule). However, the chief factor to be considered in determining significant demand in a region served by federal offices should be the presence of an official language community that shows signs of vitality. (It means presence of even one French school, according to their previous discussions - E.B.).


Third, he stressed that Bill S-205 is important because it codifies the principle of substantive equality by explicitly imposing on federal institutions the duty to provide service of equal quality in both official languages and to consult with the English and French linguistic minority population concerning the quality of those communications and services.

The Bill died on the order table after the federal election was called in August 2015 and was tabled again in December 2015 as Bill S-209. The Commissioner reiterated that this bill makes an undoubtedly significant contribution to fulfilling the purpose of Part IV of the Act and helps official language communities to strengthen their identity, to develop and to thrive.

Analysis needed of the impact of the Official Languages Regulations on the vitality of official language communities

In 2013, the Société franco-manitobaine made public a complaint that had been filed with the Office of the Commissioner concerning the Official Languages (Communications with and Services to the Public) Regulations.Footnote 12 The complaint alleged that the method used to determine the first official language spoken in order to establish what constitutes significant demand does not take into account large segments of the population that speak the minority language and would want or be likely to use it in federal offices.

The objective of the investigation was to determine the nature of the obligations incumbent upon the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat under Part VII of the Act in the context of the Official Languages Regulations Re-Application Exercise. The exercise seeks to review and update federal institutions’ language obligations every 10 years using census data: in this case, data from the 2011 Census.

In the spring of 2015, the Commissioner released his final investigation report to the parties involved. The Commissioner concluded that the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat had to identify the impact of the results of the re-application exercise on the vitality of official language communities that would no longer be receiving bilingual services because of changes in the linguistic designation of some federal offices. The Commissioner also concluded that the institution should present options to the President of the Treasury Board to mitigate the negative impact of these results.

Because the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat had stated that it did not intend to conduct an analysis on the impact of the results, the Commissioner concluded that it had not met its obligations under Part VII of the Act and that the complaint was founded.

The Commissioner therefore recommended that the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat undertake a thorough review of the impact of the Official Languages Regulations on the development and vitality of the official language communities affected by the results of the re-application exercise. He also recommended that the findings of the analysis be shared with the President of the Treasury Board, along with opinions and advice on solutions to be considered in order to mitigate any potential negative impact of the Regulations.

A follow-up is under way to determine whether the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat will be taking the appropriate steps to implement the Commissioner’s recommendations.

Société franco-manitobaine takes case to court

In February 2015, the Société franco-manitobaine applied for a court remedy in Federal Court under Part X of the Act. The Société petitioned the Federal Court to find that parts of the Official Languages (Communications with and Services to the Public) Regulations are inconsistent with section 20 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (and with several provisions of the Act) and to order the government to amend the Regulations. The Société maintained that:

  • the Regulations contain an unduly restrictive definition of the word “Francophone,” i.e., they do not make allowances for the recent expansion of the Francophone space to include mixed families, newcomers, people who are bilingual and people who are able to converse in French;

  • the use of formal numerical thresholds is inconsistent with the objectives of the Act; and

  • the Regulations were adopted without consulting the French-speaking minority, and they have not undergone any significant review or consultation since they came into force in 1992.

The objective of Senator Maria Chaput’s Bill S-209 was to correct the very shortcomings cited by the Société franco-manitobaine in its court remedy. The Commissioner strongly urges the government to update Part IV of the Act and to review the criteria for defining significant demand.

Recommendation 2

The Commissioner of Official Languages recommends:

  • that Parliament make Bill S-209 a priority so that the parliamentary committees examining it are able to conduct a diligent review; and

  • that, by March 31, 2017, the Treasury Board undertake an evaluation, in consultation with official language communities, of the effectiveness and efficiency of its policies and directives for implementing Part IV of the Official Languages Act.

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Historical Overview of French-Language Services in Ontario


More than 40 years ago, the Government of Ontario recognized the need to provide French-language services to the province's Francophone community. The right to French-language services contained in the French Language Services Act came into effect on November 19, 1989. It gives all citizens who request French-language services the right to be served in French:

* in any head office of a provincial government ministry or agency;

* in most provincial ministry and agency offices that serve or are located in the 25 designated regions.

Today, about 80% of Ontario's Francophone population has access to these services.

The following is a chronology which highlights some of the major advances in French language services in Ontario. You can sort the achievements by year and by sector for easier reference.




Adoption of a Regulation on the provision of French language services by third parties on behalf of government agencies.

32 new public service agencies were designated under the FLSA since 2003, which brings the total number of designated agencies to 222. These agencies provide health services and support services for children, youth and women who are victims of violence.


The total funding for French-language boards for the 2010-11 school year was $1.24 billion, the largest investment in French Language education in the history of the province.

Ontario puts in place a French language policy framework for postsecondary education and training. The goal is to help provide Ontarians with more opportunities to study and train in French.

Substantial additional investments in infrastructure in the primary, secondary and postsecondary francophone educational sectors:

$248.9 million worth of construction was undertaken under the French Capital Transitional Funding component of the Grant for New Pupil Places in the primary and secondary school systems.

$84.8 million was invested in the postsecondary sector as well as in training for Francophones.



Adoption of the Franco-Ontarian Day Act. The Province of Ontario officially recognizes September 25th of each year as Franco-Ontarian Day as well as the contribution of the Francophone community of Ontario to the social, economic and political life of the Province and the communitys importance in Ontarios society.

Adoption of a new directive for Communications in French by the Ontario Government. Ministries and classified agencies are required to consider and incorporate the Franco-Ontarian communitys specific needs when developing and implementing communications strategies and tactics.


Creation of 266 new child-care spaces in French language schools.


Official launch of TFO in Manitoba.

The Ministry of Tourism and Culture launches two three-year pilot programs to address the needs of Francophone visual artists, arts organizations and collectives in Ontario.


Adoption of the Francophone Community Engagement Regulation under the Local Health Integration Networks Act. Establishment of 6 French language health planning entities (1 in Northern Ontario, 1 in Eastern Ontario and 4 in Southern Ontario) in order to provide advice and input on French language health services in their communities.

Inauguration of the new Montfort hospital.


Announcement of a $5.2 M investment for the construction of Torontos first Francophone womens shelter.

Opening of a 10-bed womens Francophone Shelter in Timmins.



Adoption of a new more inclusive definition of Francophone (DIF): 50,000 more Francophones identified, bringing the total Franco-Ontarian population to over 580,000.

Addition of a Youth Francophonie Award as part of the Ontario Francophonie Awards.

Release by the OFA on its website of a new General Statistical Profile of Ontarios Francophone Community in December 2009.


NewAmnagement LinguistiquePolicy whose goal is to help the provinces French language educational institutions and settings optimize the transmission of the French language and culture among young people, to help them reach their full potential in school and society, and to breathe new life into the francophone community.


As part of the provinces Accent on Youth Strategy, launch of a new initiative developed by the OFA in partnership with theAssociation franaise desmunicipalits de lOntario(AFMO) which aims to encourage young Francophones to learn more about municipal affairs.



The firsttats gnraux de la francophonie de Sudburywere held in November 2008. Bringing all sectors of the Sudbury community together in a planning exercise, this event made it possible to lay a foundation for setting priorities for the regions economic, cultural, community, social, and artistic development.

Each of these milestones has enabled Francophones to face the future with optimism and to focus their efforts on training the next generation of Francophone leaders. With its community partners and with private companies that have roots in the community, OFA launched itsAccent on Youth Strategyin 2008 to encourage young Francophones to socialize, work, and live in French.


TFO becomes an independent and self-governing organization with its own budgets, its own board of directors and its own offices.


Another milestone in the recognition of the French fact in Ontario was reached in 2008, with the introduction of French license plates for personal vehicles.



Creation of the Office of French Language Services Commissioner. Reporting to the Minister Responsible for Francophone Affairs, but independent of the OFA, the Commissioner is responsible for handling complaints relating to the FLSA, conducting investigations to ensure compliance with the FLSA and submitting special reports as well as an annual report to the Minister that is tabled in the Legislative Assembly.

Development of a French services accountability framework to be integrated in the annual planning process of each ministry.


Investments in the education sector are now making it possible to expand York University,Universit de Hearst, andLa Cit collgiale, and to expand French-language postsecondary program offerings in Ontario.



The year 2006 marked the 20th anniversary of theFrench Language Services Act. To celebrate this milestone in the history of French Ontario, the Government of Ontario created the Ontario Francophonie Awards as a way to honour Francophones and Francophiles who have made a valuable contribution to the vitality and well-being of Ontarios Francophone community. The OFA also created a travelling exhibition on the history of French Ontario, entitledLa francophonie ontarienne : dhier aujourdhui.

Francophones in eastern Ontario rallied around the project to create monuments to Ontarios Francophonie. On September 25, 2006, the 31st anniversary of the Franco-Ontarian flag, the first of six monuments in Ottawa was unveiled. It is a giant Franco-Ontarian flag symbolizing the history and contribution of the regions Franco-Ontarian community. This initiative has since spread to other Ontario communities, including Casselman, Rockland, and Sudbury.

Designation of Kingston under theFrench Language Services Act.

Signing of the Ontario-Quebec Cooperation Protocol on Francophone Affairs.


The growing number of French-language schools gives rights holders increased access to French-language education across the province.

Launch of thePolitique damnagement linguistique de lOntario, a language planning policy to promote the French language and culture, improve student achievement, and help keep young Franco-Ontarians in French-language schools.

Creation of an advisory committee on French-language postsecondary education.

Establishment of a permanent Elementary and Secondary French-Language Education Task-Force.


Establishment of an improvement program for French-language, rural, Northern, and First Nations libraries.


Implementation of the first phase of theStrategic Plan for the Development of French Language Services in Ontarios Justice Sector, in partnershipwith the francophone stakeholders, which aimsto improve, modernize and expand access toFrench Language Services in the justice sector.


Support for French-language school boards to plan for the provision of child care services under the Best Start Plan.


Unprecedented commitment of $125 million to expand Montfort Hospital co-funded with the federal government.

Establishment of a Francophone working group on health care reform, headed by the CEO of Montfort Hospital.

Inclusion in the preamble of Bill 36 on local health system integration of recognition that the requirements of theFrench Language Services Actmust be respected. The Bill also requires that the Francophone community be consulted both in the development of a provincial health system plan through the establishment of a French-language health services advisory council, and at the regional level by local health integration networks.


Creation of a website,Centre darchives des rglements municipaux, whichprovides the English and French versions of municipal by-laws.



Signing of the Canada-Ontario Agreement on French-Language Services providing $1.4 million per year over four years to increase the capability of the Government of Ontario to deliver French-language services and support the development and vitality of the Francophone community of Ontario.

Designation of five new agencies under theFrench Language Services Act. Since 1988, 201 agencies have been designated to provide services in French.


Commitment of $140 million to contribute to the development of French-language schools.

Signing of the Provincial-Federal Funding Agreement for French-Language Education and French-as-a-Second-Language Instruction, providing $301 million over four years for minority and second-language instruction at the elementary, secondary and post-secondary levels, as well as an additional $30 million to recognize that Ontario has the largest minority French-language community in the country.

Establishment of a permanent Elementary and Secondary French-Language Education Task Force to advise the Minister of Education on unique Francophone matters such as promoting French culture, reducing assimilation and helping to retain Francophone students.


Distribution of a Resource Guide for immigrant entrepreneurs to all the Canadian Embassies and high commissions abroad.


Adoption of anAct to amend the City of Ottawa Act, 1999, recognizing the bilingual character of the City of Ottawa. The amendment requires the City of Ottawa to adopt a policy respecting the use of the English and French languages in all or specified parts of the administration of the city and in the citys provision of all or specific municipal services.

Provision of $700,000 over four years to translate municipal by-laws and other key documents into French, cost-shared with the federal government.


Commitment of targeted funding to promote access to postsecondary education for Francophones as part of the $6.2 billion to be invested in response to the Rae Report.

Creation of an advisory committee on French-language postsecondary education charged with advising the Minister of Training, Colleges and Universities on improving access to French-language postsecondary programs.


Creation of a help line for Francophone women who are victims of violence: 1 877 FEMAIDE (1 877 336-2433). Francophone women across the province can access this dedicated toll-free line anytime.



Creation of a Provincial Advisory Committee on Francophone Affairs. The committees mandate is to advise the Minister Responsible for Francophone Affairs on how to best meet the needs of the Francophone community.

Participation of Ontario at the Xth Summit of the Francophonie in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

Designation of the City of Brampton and the municipality of Callander under theFrench Language Services Act. After an implementation period of two years, provincial government offices located in Brampton will offer their services in French. Because there are no offices of the provincial government located in the municipality of Callander, French-language services will be available at government offices in the City of North Bay.


Funding of $30 M allocated to the provinces 12 French-language district school boards as a first step in the implementation of the French-Language Education Strategy.

To help strengthen French-language education in Ontario, the Government launches thePolitique damnagement linguistique 2004. This plan is designed to help promote French language and culture, improve student achievement and self-esteem and help keep young Franco-Ontarians in French-language schools.


The Government adopts a Domestic Violence Action Plan. One of the objectives of this Plan is to improve access to French-language violence prevention programs and services in accordance with theFrench Language Services Act.

The Centre Victoria pour femmes and the Timmins and Area Women in Crisis announce the creation of a new Francophone Sexual Assault Centre.

Holding of tats gnraux sur le dveloppement des services en franais en matire de violence contre les femmes (conference on the development of French-language services in the area of violence against women). The purpose of the conference was to discuss issues related to French-language violence prevention programs and services, to discuss best practices and explore models for improved service delivery.

Investment of $1.9 million to support sexual assault centres across the province offering French-language services or serving Francophone communities.


Creation of a French Language Institute for Professional Development through which professionals in the justice system can increase their French-language abilities.


Creation of a Francophone Advisory Committee by the Seniors Secretariat in order to develop, implement and evaluate a series of information tours for Francophone senior citizens across Ontario.



A federal-provincial-community committee is set up to discuss Francophone immigration.


Announcement of a $7.4 M increase to the base funding of Montfort Hospital and a grant of $20.8 M for 2003-2004.


Citizens can request licence plates with the design of the Franco-Ontarian flag.



Eleven new transfer payment agencies are designated under theFrench Language Services Actas providers of French-language services. Since 1988, 196 agencies have been designated as providers of services in French. Of these, 66 have been designated since 1995.


Official groundbreaking ceremony atLcole secondaire de formation professionnelle et techniquein Ottawa.

Official opening ofCollge Boralcampus in Toronto, in the Fall 2002.


Signature of a memorandum of understanding between Legal Aid Ontario and theCentre mdico-social communautaire de Torontofor the 2003 opening of the first Francophone Legal Aid Clinic in Toronto.


Five-year memorandum of understanding between the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care and the French-Language Health Services Network of Eastern Ontario.


Announcement of funding for Francophone pilot projects in the area of violence prevention.



Games of La Francophonie 2001, Ottawa-Hull: the Ontario Government participates in the planning of the Games and hosts a pavilion that welcomes many visitors. Some 3,000 athletes and artists from 52 countries compete in these games, 85 of these competitors being from Ontario. In all, Ontario wins 3 medals in the Cultural competitions and 16 medals in the Sports division (8 of which are gold).

The Franco-Ontarian flag becomes an official emblem of the province.


Additional financing to improve legal aid services in French in Ontario.

TheCourts of Justice Actis amended to improve access to justice and simplify the administrative procedures to request a bilingual trial.


The Government of Ontario launches the Early Years Challenge Fund. In order to meet the needs of Francophone families, a special envelope 5% of the total Fund is set aside for projects within the Francophone community. Following consultations with Francophone stakeholders, a separate process is put in place to evaluate and recommend projects by Francophone groups.



Organization of the 4th Games of La Francophonie to be held in Ottawa-Hull in 2001.


128 long-term care beds allocated to Montfort Hospital, as part of the governments commitment to create 20,000 new long-term care beds in the province by 2004.


$4 million to train specialists to identify young Francophones who need special education services.


Five year agreement with the Federal government for the funding of French-language colleges, including some funding for theCollge dAlfred.

Funding toLa Cit collgialefor the development of a bilingual training centre for call services in the high technology industry.

Funding toLe Collge Boralfor the Centre for Excellence in Forestry of Northern Ontario.


The Ontario Tourism Marketing Partnership (OTMP) develops a tourism marketing strategy specifically for the Francophone community of Ontario and provides tourism information in French to Francophone consumers.



The Ontario Government attends the 8th Francophone Summit in Moncton where the Ontario Pavilion showcases Ontario products and services.


The Ontario Legal Aid, established under theLegal Aid Services Act, must provide services in French.



Renewal of theCanada-Ontario Agreement on the Promotion of Official Languages.

Five year Federal/Provincial Agreement for the financing of French-language school boards.


TheProvincial Offences Acttransfers responsibilities for the administration and prosecution of offences to the municipal level. The Act is accompanied by a memorandum of understanding whereby municipalities in designated areas agree to maintain the provision of services in French.



After 3 years of implementation, Francophones in the City of London officially have the right to receive provincial government services in French as stipulated under theFrench Language Services Act.


Creation of 12 French-language school boards (4 public and 8 separate) with funding equivalent to that of English-language school boards.


The OFA, together with the Ministry of the Solicitor General and Correctional Services and the Ontario Womens Directorate, implement an action plan to increase services to help Francophone women victims of violence.



Opening of two French-language colleges:Collge BoralandCollge des Grands Lacs, and a permanent campus site forLa Cit collgiale.

Multi-use school facilities are established in Kingston and Brampton.



Designation of a new area under theFrench Language Services Act. The City of London becomes the 23rd designated area to provide provincial government services in French. These services come into effect on July 1,1997.

Under the Act, another eight agencies are designated to provide some or all of their services to the public in French, bringing the total number of designated agencies to 130.

Provincial Francophone organizations now number 76 in comparison with 31 in 1986.


Amendments to theCredit Unions and Caisses Populaires Actenables the caisses populaires to offer a wider array of financial services and support to their Francophone clients. They can offer preferred shares to members, an important source of revenue to help them expand.

Financing to set up caisses populaires in under-serviced areas.

Amendments to theCooperatives Corporations Actprovides cooperatives with:

easier self-financing and ability to structure themselves as groups of partners rather than members; and improved access to support programs for small businesses.


First multi-use school facility set up in Longlac. (Fall 1994)

Capital funding for the construction of eight new French-language schools.

Dissolution of theConseil scolaire de langue franaise dOttawa-Carletonand creation of two autonomous French-language boards as of July 1, 1994: theConseil des coles publiques dOttawa-Carletonand theConseil des coles catholiques de langue franaise de la rgion dOttawa-Carleton.


Establishment of an annual Trillium Award to recognize Francophone authors and French-language literature.

A new community radio station for the Cornwall-Alexandria area goes on air.


There are now 52 Francophone daycare centres. In 1986, there were 3.


Establishment of a Francophone medical social services centre in Hamilton-Wentworth.



Designation of 24 agencies under theFrench Language Services Act(July 1993). (New total: 122)

Renewal of the Canada-Ontario Agreement on the Promotion of Official Languages.


Announcement of the creation of two new French-language colleges, one in Northern Ontario (Collge Boral) and one in Central/Southwestern Ontario (Collge des Grands Lacs).


Creation of a fund for Francophone cultural centres with the help of the Office of Francophone Affairs and the Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Recreation.

The firstSalon du livre de Toronto, a French-language book fair, financed to a large extent by the government, is held in October 1993. It is the first event of that nature in Ontario.

The community radio station for Kapuskasing goes on air with the financial assistance of the Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Recreation.


TheUnion des cultivateurs franco-ontariensis recognized as the official union to represent the provinces Francophone farmers.


TheCoalition franco-ontarienne pour le logementis recognized as the official representative for Francophones on housing issues.


Designation of the first two legal clinics under theFrench Language Services Act; one in Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry, the other in Prescott-Russell.


Establishment of theAssociation des personnes sourdes franco-ontariennes.



Designation of 12 agencies under theFrench Language Services Act(Summer 1992). (New total: 98)


Creation of a French-language school board in Prescott-Russell (January 1992).


Establishment of the Ministers Advisory Committee on a Cultural Policy for Francophones of Ontario as a result of recommendations contained in the report, RSVP!: Cls en mains/RSVP!: Keys to the Future, by the Working Group for a Cultural Policy for Francophones of Ontario. The interministerial committee (Culture and Communications, Office of Francophone Affairs) submits its final report in November 1992.


Establishment of two French-language community health centres, one in Sudbury and the other in Cornwall-Alexandria. A bilingual community health centre is also underway in Longlac.



Designation of 15 agencies under theFrench Language Services Act(Fall 1991). (New total: 86)


Creation of a grants program for the development of French-language community radio.


The Office of Francophone Affairs receives an allocation in order to develop a strategic plan for the provision of violence prevention services in French. Emphasis is placed on public education initiatives and on the development of direct services for Francophone women victims of sexual assault.


The Revised Statutes of Ontario are published in French.


Creation of a program for victims of sexual assault to improve French-language services for Francophone women.

Partir dun bon pas pour un avenir meilleur/Better Beginnings, Better Futures: a provincial project on services for children in difficulty includes a French-language pilot project in Cornwall-Alexandria.


Re-establishment of the Council on Franco-Ontarian Education (CEFO) to advise the Minister of Colleges and Universities and the Minister of Education on all subjects concerning French-language education programs at the elementary, secondary and postsecondary levels.

Creation of the Advisory Committee on Francophone Affairs (ACFA) to advise the Minister of Colleges and Universities on the issue of French-language postsecondary studies (July 1991).


Provisional report of the Select Committee in Ontario on Confederation, which recommends the maintenance of French-language services.



Designation of 24 agencies under theFrench Language Services Act(December 1990). (New total:71)


Setting up of the French-Language Education Governance Advisory Group (Cousineau Commission) responsible for recommending criteria for the governance of French-language education in Ontario.

Opening of Ontarios first French-language college of applied arts and technology,La Cit collgiale(Ottawa, September 1990).

Bourdeau Commissions report recommending the establishment of French-language colleges in Northern and Central/Southern Ontario.


Beginning of the installation of bilingual signage on provincial highways.


Amendments to article 136 of the Courts of Justice Act provide for other forms of hearings such as pre-trial and pre-motion conferences, as well as the filing of documents in French in certain regions.



On November 19, 1989, theFrench Language Services Actcomes into effect.


Creation of the firstCentre mdico-social communautaire(Toronto) that brings health and social services under one roof.



Designation of the first 47 agencies under theFrench Language Services Act. The first designated agency is the Hospital Notre-Dame in Hearst.

Canada-Ontario Agreement on the Promotion of Official Languages: Cooperation Agreement between the two governments to improve access to French-language services in provincial ministries.


Setting up of first French-language school boards in Toronto and Ottawa.


Creation of French-language community literacy centres.


Creation of the French-language daycare network,Rseau francophone de services de garde.



Dissolution of the Council on Franco-Ontarian Affairs and creation of the Ontario French-Language Services Commission.

Development and presentation of each ministrys implementation plans for French-language services for review by the Ontario French-Language Services Commission and the Office of Francophone Affairs.

Establishment of a linguistic evaluation centre by the Human Resources Secretariat.

Establishment and enhancement of the offices of the French-language services coordinators in ministries and certain crown corporations.


TVOntariosLa Chanebegins broadcasting. (January 1987)



Adoption of theFrench Language Services Act. This Act consolidates existing policies and recognizes the right of Francophones to receive government services in French in the 23 designated areas of the province.

Establishment of a simultaneous interpretation service in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.


Enactment of legislation on school governance giving Francophones full and exclusive governance of their French-language schools and instructional units.



The Office of the Government Coordinator of French-Language Services becomes the Office of Francophone Affairs.

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